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Multiple Intelligences

By incorporating into the learning experience a mixture of activities that meet the 8 different styles of learning ensures maximum effectiveness, input and retention.

There are 8 learning styles or intelligences as researched and published by Howard Gardner: Musical, Kinaesthetic, Mathematical / Logical, Visual / Spatial, Linguistic, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal and Naturalist. In the following pages you can learn more about each intelligence and suggestions on how to develop these further.

Intrapersonal Intelligence

Very few of us will have been taught the importance of developing Intrapersonal skills for the ability to reflect and monitor your own progress, thoughts and feelings, strengths and weaknesses are not encouraged in educations. Indeed, education has its own formal tests that we must attend to. Those few who do posses Intrapersonal Intelligence have often acquired it for themselves by taking an active interest in their ability to control their own destiny.

Howard Gardener, in his book ‘Frames of Mind’ defines Intrapersonal Intelligence as sensitivity to our own feelings, our own wants and fears, our own personal histories, awareness of our own strengths and weaknesses, plans and goals.

The following skills are those typically characteristic of individuals with Intrapersonal Intelligence. Such individuals are likely to be skilled at one or more of the following:-

  • Personal Efficacy - A strong awareness of ones own strengths, weaknesses and needs in order to plan effectively to achieve personal goals.
  • Interpersonal Skills - The ability to get on well with other people as well as enjoying ones own company.

If you have the ability to self reflect, you are able to recognise and change your won behaviours, build upon your strengths and improve upon your weaknesses, resulting in very rapid development and goal orientated achievements.

Develop Your Intrapersonal Intelligence by:

Intrapersonal intelligence is the ability to be reflective and access one’s inner feelings. There is a strong ability to learn from past events because people exhibiting these strengths analyse and interpret events that have affected them well.

Ways in which individuals can improve or develop Intrapersonal intelligence include the following:

  • Learn to meditate – or just set aside quiet time alone to think.
  • Study philosophy – especially the different schools of thought from different cultures.
  • Find a counsellor or therapist and explore yourself.
  • Create your own personal ritual that makes you feel good as often as you choose to.
  • Record and analyse your dreams.
  • Read self-help books and listen to tapes.
  • Establish a quiet place in your home for introspection.
  • Develop an interest or hobby that sets you apart from the crowd.
  • Make a personal development plan.
  • Set short and long-term goals for yourself and then follow through on them (we have enclosed an example of one young boy’s list of goals to inspire you!).
  • Attend a course designed to help you explore yourself and your potential (e.g. Neuro-Linguistic Programming, Psycho synthesis, Transactional Analysis, Psychodrama or Gestalt).
  • Keep a daily journal for recording your thoughts, dreams, goals, feelings and memories.
  • Study the biographies of great individuals with powerful personalities who made a real impact on the world.
  • Do something to spoil yourself at least once a day.
  • Keep a mirror handy and notice how your face changes depending on what kind of mood you’re in.
  • Spend time with people who have a strong and healthy sense of self.
  • Engage in daily self-esteem enhancing behaviours – such as listing your successes, positive self-talk and so on.
  • Write your own autobiography.

What’s the most enjoyable way for you to develop this kind of intelligence?

To further develop your learning styles we strongly recommend the following:

howard gardner multiple intelligences Multiple Intelligences- Howard Gardner   

Howard Gardners brilliant conception of individual competence is changing the face of education today. In the ten years since the publication of his seminal Frames of Mind , thousands of educators, parents, and researchers have explored the practical implications of Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory the powerful notion that there are separate human capacities, ranging from musical intelligence to the intelligence involved in understanding oneself. Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice brings together previously published and original work by Gardner and his colleagues at Project Zero.

howard gardner multiple intelligences interpersonalFrames of Mind: Theory of Multiple Intelligences - Howard Gardner

The author demonstrates that there exist many human "intelligences", common to all cultures - each with its own pattern of development and brain activity, and each different in kind from the others. These potentials include linguistic, musical and logical/mathematical capacities, as well as spatial and bodily intelligences, and the ability to arrive at an emotional and mental sense of self and other people. Rather than reducing an individual's potential to a single score on an IQ test, it is the fostering and education of all these intelligences that should be our concern.

howard gardner intelligence reframedIntelligence Reframed - Howard Gardner 

A brilliant state-of-the-art report on how the landmark theory of multiple intelligences is radically changing our understanding of education and human development. Now, in Intelligence Reframed, Gardner provides a much-needed state of the art report on the theory. He describes how it has evolved and been revised. He introduces two new intelligences, and argues that the concept of intelligence should be broadened, but not so much that it includes every human faculty and value.


Other Inspiring Breakthrough Multiple Intelligences within this section;

Logical Mathematical
Visual Spatial

Individual Performance Improvement
Team Performance Improvement
Accelerated Learning
Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP)
Business Growth Performance


Inspiring Breakthrough aim to create behavioural change, within organisations, through inspiring coaching and tailored development solutions. By empowering individual breakthrough from perceived potential to the achievement of their true potential.

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